Hans Margulies (1889 - 1960)
The Nazi Experience
Hans did not have an easy time in an increasingly fascist Austria:
Das Schwarze Korps
- he was jewish;
- he worked as a reporter on a paper which was anti-fascist;
- he was the artistic director of a cabaret, where Hitler and his policies
were often under attack
('Mack the Knife', in a 1936 production, 'Based on "The Beggar's Opera" ', with the comment
"30 words changed", was a portrayal of Hitler.)
was a typical Nazi newspaper, constantly defaming all "enemies" of the
fascist state. In this issue, from 14th. April 1938, several jewish people are described as economic criminals, earning
money from other peoples' misery, etc. Hans Margulies
is also mentioned by name,
as a Court reporter who constantly criticised every verdict, and defended their misdeeds.
Hans Margulies widerfocht als Gerichtsreporter jegliches Urteil an, das gegen Großverbrecher gefällt
wurde, und hoffnungsvolle Federn gingen bei ihnen alles in die Lehre.
Ich lebe jetzt als politischer Flüchtling in Prag.
I am now living as political refugee in Prague.
Hans Margulies, CV
In July (?) 1938 Hans and his family fled to some of Maria's relatives in Prague.
The Vaniczeck family had a huge estate there
(Memo to self: Vaniczeck ?? perhaps one of Maria's family married a Vaniczeck ?).
In January 1939 the family found Asylum in England
I have heard conflicting stories here:
(1) The artist Irma Stern would have sponsored Maria and the children in South Africa, but couldn't
sponsor the whole family (possibly because Hans was jewish). The family discussed it and Maria
vetoed the ideas.
(2) Hans and family were scheduled to go to Finland with the Red Cross. At the last minute the
organisers came and said, they had to get someone else out (a biologist), immediately, as he was
about to be arrested, but Hans and his family would definitely be on the next flight,
wherever it was going. This turned out to be to Britain.
(3) One of the Rothschilds, using his own money, bought, hired or chartered a bomber plane,
had seats installed in the fuselage and organised flights to Britain for 400 jewish families,
among them Hans and his family.
(4) The following letter could be seen as a third possibility, or it may be a confirmation of (2) ?:
At the outbreak of war they were interned, along with other "enemy aliens"
at Bacton-on-Sea, Norwich.
During his application for release from internment, a letter was sent from
the Interned Enemy Aliens Tribunal
Mr E.H.Montgomery, J.P.,
... In his application for release, Mr. Margulies gives your name as a
reference, and the Tribunal would, therefore, be grateful if you would
confirm, as far as possible the following statements he makes.
He came to England as a political refugee in January 1939, with his wife and two
daughters. He had lived in Vienna, was a member of the Social Democratic Party
since 1918, and since 1933 had belonged to the Editorial Staff of the "Wiener Tag".
In consequence of his Journalistic work and because he was the founder of a political
cabaret, he was attacked by the Nazis and obliged to flee to Prague in 1938.
He finally came to England with a permit which was acquired for him by the
Layton Action*, and immediately put
himself at the disposal of H.M Government.
What was the Layton Action ?, Who was Layton ? Was it this Layton .... ?:
Colonel Julian Layton, who, in spite of his being Jewish,
made frequent visits to Germany and met with Adolph Eichmann under the
auspices of the British government. Layton, who’s tireless efforts saved
thirty-two Jewish children (with the help of the Rothschilds) during
the war and who worked with numerous Jewish agencies after the war,
died a hero.
... or was it this one ... ?:
Brett House, 198 West Hill, Putney, SW 15.
House of Sir Walter Layton, owner of the 'News Chronicle' and one of the
Presidents of the British Committee for Refugees from Czechoslovakia (BCRC).
Lent to the BCRC/CRTF for the duration of the war for use as one of their
hostels. Used as a medical centre. Also appears on the
'Special Search List GB'* as the place to find Layton (L44).
The "Special Search List GB" quoted above was the Nazis'
(SS, SD, Abwehr ?) list of "Enemies of the State".
event of an invasion of Britain, special teams would be sent out to round up anyone on the list.
(Here is another name from the list, someone who also came from Vienna ...
F114 Freud, Sigmund, Dr., Jude, 6.5.56 Freiburg (Mähren), London, RSHA II B5.
Update August 2010
Just noticed this in My Mum's diaries:
[...] Und etwas schönes: also von Epstein, oder vielmehr [????], bekommen wir Geld und dann noch 500
Kopek von der Kirche, das hat jeder gekriegt, der durch die Sir-Walter-Layton-Aktion (wenn er
bloß so hiesse, aber irgendwie wird es schon stimmen) nach England und Frankreich gekommen sind.
... we have been given some money .. everybody who was sent to England or France through the
Sir-Walter-Layton-Action (or whatever it was called) got this.
Source: My Mum's diaries, 30th. Januaury 1938.
So that answers the question: "which Layton ?".
More info. to be added:
Diaries, and Czech Refuge Organisation at