«  Prev. Page: The Early Years
Next Page: Engaged, but ....  » 

Hans Margulies (1889 - 1960)

The Army Years
1911 - 1918


Die Stellungspflicht dauert 3 Jahre - beginnend mit 1. Jänner jenes Kalenderjahres, in welchem der Wehrpflichtige das 21. Lebensjahr vollendet und endet bei regelmäßiger Erfüllung derselben mit 31. Dezember jenes Jahres, in dem er das 23. Lebensjahr vollstreckt; Source: Wehrgesetz für das Heer in der ö-u. Monarchie
http://www.weltkriege.at/Justiz/wehrgesetz.htm

Every male Austrian was required to serve in the armed forces for three years, starting on January 1st. in the year he became 21. After his service was over, he automatically became a member of the Reserves, until he was 43.

Staatsarchiv - Kriegsarchiv Hans Margulies, born 1889, ... Citizen of Alexanderfeld in the District of Bielitz, County of Silesia, Austria, was conscripted in 1911 and served in the k.u.k army, finishing his service as Lieutenant {Oberleutnant} in the Reserve Army (Rank 1.11.1917, Lieutenant {Leutnant} 1.9.1915) in the k.k. 31st. Militia {Landwehr} Infantry Regiment ( = 31st. Defense Regiment {Schützenregiment}).
In 1918 he was assigned [in this rank] to the War Press-Corps. Hans Margulies was on active duty from 22.12.1914, and - after an illness on 7.2.1915 - again from 2.8.1915.
On 25.9.1915 he received the Silver Medal of Bravery, 2nd Class, for Courage in the Face of the Enemy.
On 4.7.1916 he was awarded the Bronze Military Service Medal on the Ribbon of the Military Service Cross, "in Recognition of of his Courageous Behaviour and Exemplary Services against the Enemy". Excerpts from a letter from the Austrian State Military Archives

According to the letter from The War Archives Hans was conscripted for his 3 year service in 1911.

But according to his CV he was
1912 Dramaturg der Volksbühne Wien unter Stefan Grossmann und Dr. Arthur Rundt.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Dramatic advisor at the Volksbühne Vienna under Stefan Grossmann und Dr. Arthur Rundt.
So something is not right here. Perhaps he was a "1 Year Volunteer" ?
Die Begünstigung als Einjährig-Freiwilliger den Präsensdienst abzuleisten steht nachfolgenden Wehrpflichtigen zu:
a) Absolventen eines Obergymnasiums oder einer Oberrealschule und sonstiger besonders bezeichneter mittlerer Lehranstalten (z.B. künstlerische, technische, gewerbliche, kaufmännische, nautische, forst- und landwirtschaftliche). Source: Wehrgesetz für das Heer in der ö-u. Monarchie
http://www.weltkriege.at/Justiz/wehrgesetz.htm
i.e. under certain conditions, you could volunteer and serve for just one year. I've seen mentions of a 1-year military service Heinrich and Emil too.


Gg. Hanns Margulies, L-I-R was awarded the Silver Medal for Bravery to commemorate his actions in the last battles in Wolhynien and was also promoted to Ensign. Source: Judische Zeitung, Vol. 9, Nr. 45, 12th. Nov 1915

Volhynia / Wolhynien is now a part of the Ukraine.
At different times parts of it were under russian or polish control.



In the Army In the Army
Apart from that brief mention in the "Jewish Newspaper" I don't know anything about Hans' war experiences. He doesn't seem to have talked a lot about them:
Sonntag 20. Feb. 1917 Hans Margulies is back from the Front. Strange, how little the people talk about it. It's the same with Steif. Or perhaps we already know all they can tell. The war correspondents have generalised everything for us and spread it around.
Stefan Zweig, Tagebücher. S.Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt/M, 1984.
Click here for more Army photos

What follows is purely speculative, and is mentioned here as a reminder to me, to look for more documentary evidence (troop movements, etc).

k.k. Landwehr Infanterie Regiment Nr. 31
91. Landwehr Infanteriebrigade | 46. Landwehr Infanterie Truppendivision | I. Armeekorps
   Errichtet: 1901
   Garnison: Teschen
   Nationalitäten: 33 % Tschechen / 37 % Deutsche / 27 % Polen / 1 % Andere
   Ergänzungsbezirk: Teschen und Wadowice
   Kommandant: Oberst Emil Maculan
Source: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaiserlich_K%C3%B6nigliche_Landwehr

Conscription was probably "done locally" and Teschen [PL: Cieszyn] was in the former Silesia, quite near to Alexanderfeldt.
Snippets and Stories:

Not 'war services', but an episode from that period:

In 1917 the composer and songwriter Werner Richard Heymann was suffering from hunger-typhus and pneumonia:
Und so lag ich nun da und wäre sicher gestorben, wenn nicht am nächsten Tag ein Wunder geschehen wäre.
Ein junger Mann kam an unserem Haus vorbei, den wir nur flüchtig kannten. Er hieß Hanns Margulies, war Oberleutenant, hatte Fronturlaub und kam vom Südbahnhof. Ich wohnte damals in der Prinz-Eugen-Straße. Er ging also an unserem Haus vorbei, erinnerte sich, dass er mich da einmal besucht hatte. Er beschloss, mir Guten Tag zu sagen, sah mein Elend, zuckte einen Hundertkronenschein und verschwand, mit dem Versprechen, bald wiederzukommen.

And so I lay there and surely would have died if a miracle hadn't happened the next day.
A young man - a fleeting aquaintance - passed by our house. He was called Hanns Margulies, was a Lieutenant, had front leave and was coming from South Railway Station. In those days I lived in Prince Eugene Street. Passing our house, he remembered that he had visited me once before, decided to say hello, and, on seeing my miserable condition, gave me a hundred crown note and disappeared, promising to come again.

That evening a messenger from Weinberger Publishing Company appeared, with a card:
"Hochverehrter Meister! Bitte kommen Sie sofort zu mir" und auf der Rückseite stand "P.S. Ich höre soeben aus dem Café Parsifal, wohin ich Ihnen telefonieren liess, dass Sie unpäßlich seine. Bitte stehen Sie nicht auf, wenn Sie sich damit schaden würden." Ich nehme an, dass Hanns Margulies im Café Parsifal irgendjemandem von meinem Elend erzählt hat.

"Dear Master! Please come and see me immediately." On the back was written: "I've just heard from the Café Parsifal, where I tried to phone you, that you are unwell. Please don't get up if this would make you feel worse." I assume that Hanns Margulies had told someone in the Café Parsifal about my misery?illness. Heymann, Werner Richard: "Liebling, mein Herz lässt dich grüssen", Henschel 2001.

 «  Prev. Page: The Early Years
Next Page: Engaged, but ....  »