Kennedy Family History

The Kennedy Families

Timothy Kennedy (1834 - 1888), was born in Ireland. Jim thinks his G-Grandfather came from Killarney.

His wife, Mary (Kennedy) (1837 - 1897), was born in Withnell, Lancashire.

The Lancashire BMD for Chorley lists a marriage between a Timothy Kennedy and a Mary Cowburn, in 1857. This fits in with the birth of the eldest son, William, in 1859, so maybe Mary was a Cowburn ?

The 1881 Census for Great Britain lists Timothy Kennedy's household as follows:
1881 Census:
Census Place: Withnell, Lancashire, England
Dwelling       : Railway Road [Jim: in Brinscall]

Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
Timothy Kennedy Head 47 (1834)Ireland Foreman Calico Print Works
Mary Kennedy Wife 44 (1837)Withnell, Lancs.
William Kennedy Son 22 (1859)Withnell, Lancs. Dyer Calico Print Works
James Kennedy Son 19 (1862)Withnell, Lancs. Labourer Calico Print Works
Elizabeth Kennedy Daughter17 (1864)Withnell, Lancs. Stitcher Calico Print Works
John Kennedy Son 15 (1866)Withnell, Lancs. Labourer Calico Print Works
Michael Kennedy Son 13 (1868)Withnell, Lancs. Scholar
Margaret Kennedy Daughter11 (1870)Withnell, Lancs. Scholar
Joseph Kennedy Son 9 (1872)Withnell, Lancs. Scholar
Jane Kennedy Daughter7 (1874)Withnell, Lancs. Scholar
Mary Kennedy Daughter4 (1877)Withnell, Lancs. Scholar
Ellen Kennedy Daughter9m.(1880)Withnell, Lancs.
The census district of Withnell, in Lancashire, includes the village of Brinscall, which is where the Bensons and the Kennedys lived.


In the 1891 census, Timothy is not listed, and Mary Kennedy is head of the household. The census lists Mary Kennedy's household as follows:
1891 Census: RG12/3419 Folio ??
Census Place: Withnell, Lancashire, England
Dwelling       : School Lane, Brinscall

Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
Mary Kennedy Head 53 (1837)Withnell, Lancs. Housekeeper
William Kennedy Son 32 (1859)Withnell, Lancs. Calico Dyer
Michael Kennedy Son 23 (1868)Withnell, Lancs. Packer at Calico Print Works
Margaret Kennedy Daughter21 (1870)Withnell, Lancs. Cotton Weaver
Joseph Kennedy Son 19 (1872)Withnell, Lancs. Labourer at Calico Print Works
Jane Kennedy Daughter17 (1874)Withnell, Lancs. Cotton Weaver
Mary Kennedy Daughter14 (1877)Withnell, Lancs. Cotton Weaver
Ellen Kennedy Daughter10 (1880)Withnell, Lancs. Scholar and Cotton Weaver
Alice Kennedy Daughter8 (1880)Withnell, Lancs. Scholar



... and the children ?

The 1901 Census gives us a list of Kennedys, sorted into page-groups. In general we can assume that people on the same page were either members of the same family, or living in the house next door.

Using the free index to the 1911 Census we can find Kennedys living in Chorley (the registration district for Brinscall) and, using the "Others in household" search facility we can find groups of Kennedys within a household. This nay be one family, or it may be a Kennedy family with some other Kennedys as visitors.

The following non-Kennedy surnames are mainly conjecture, based on ages and a list of Kennedy marriages registered in Chorley (the registration district for Brinscall), or elsewhere in Lancashire.

Please remember that without looking at the actual census images and certificates, much of this is guesswork and is simply presented here as possibilities (that need further researching).



William Kennedy is not mentioned in the 1901 census.



James Kennedy married Fanny Benson in 1889.

The 1891 Census for Great Britain lists James Kennedy's household as follows:
1891 Census: RG12/3419 Folio 125 / Page 3
Census Place: Withnell, Lancashire, England
Dwelling       : School Lane, Brinscall

Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
James Kennedy Head 29 (1862)Withnell, Lancs. Calico Print Packer
Fanny Kennedy Wife 32 (1865)Blandford, Dorset
Fanny Kennedy Daur 1 (1890)Withnell, Lancs.
The 1901 Census for Great Britain lists James Kennedy's household as follows:
1901 Census:



Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
James Kennedy Head 39 (1862)Withnell, Lancs. Overlooker Calico Print Works
Fanny Kennedy Wife 36 (1865)Blandford, Dorset
Jack Kennedy Daur 7 (1894)Withnell, Lancs.
George Kennedy Daur 7 (1894)Withnell, Lancs.
Ada Kennedy Daur 4 (1897)Withnell, Lancs.
Harry Kennedy Daur 1 (1900)Withnell, Lancs.
Fanny is not on the 1901 census (she would have been 11 years old) ... did she die young ?? or perhaps she was with friends or relatives ??

1911 Census:
Census Place: Chorley, Lancashire, England


Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
James Kennedy 49 (1862)
Fanny Kennedy 45 (1866)
Jack Kennedy 19 (1892)
George Kennedy 17 (1894)
Ada Kennedy 14 (1897)
Harry Kennedy 11 (1900)



Elizabeth Kennedy is not mentioned in the 1891 census.

She is probably married by now and listed under her married name.
There is a marriage record for 1884 of an Elizabeth Kennedy marrying a John Lancaster and the 1901 Census lists a Lancaster family, where the data all fits.

So these could be the Lancasters, from whom Jim's cousin, Jack Lancaster, is descended.

1891 Census: RG12/3419 Folio 125 / Page 3
Census Place: Withnell, Lancashire, England
Dwelling       : School Lane, Brinscall

Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
John Lancaster 33 (1858)Wheelton, Lancs. Laboureer at Calico Print Works
Elizabeth Lancaster 27 (1864)Brinscall, Lancs.
James Lancaster 4 (1887)Brinscall, Lancs.
Joseph Lancaster 3 (1888)Brinscall, Lancs.
Mary Lancaster 11m(1890)Brinscall, Lancs.
This is John Lancaster's entry in the 1901 census.
1901 Census:



Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
John Lancaster 43 (1858)Wheelton, Lancs. Machine Minder Calico Print Works
Elizabeth Lancaster 37 (1864)Brinscall, Lancs.
James Lancaster 14 (1887)Brinscall, Lancs. Stone Quarry Labourer
Joseph Lancaster 13 (1888)Brinscall, Lancs. Reacher for Cotton Beamer Drawer in Cotton Mill
Mary Lancaster 10 (1891)Brinscall, Lancs.
Elizabeth Lancaster 9 (1892)Withnell, Lancs.
Alice Lancaster 7 (1894)Withnell, Lancs..
Margaret Lancaster 5 (1899)Withnell, Lancs..
John Lancaster 2 (1899)Withnell, Lancs..
Ellen Lancaster 1 (1900)Withnell, Lancs..



John Kennedy (1866) is now married to Betsy, and has a family.
There is a marriage record for 1890 of a John Kennedy marrying a Betsy Hindley

1901 Census:



Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
John Kennedy 35 (1886)Withnell, Lancs. Labourer at Print Works
Betsy Kennedy 33 (1868)Chorley, Lancs. Cotton Weaver
Elizabeth Kennedy 10 (1891)Chorley, Lancs.
Mary Kennedy 9 (1892)Chorley, Lancs.
Thomas Kennedy 5 (1896)Brinscall, Lancs.
Lily Kennedy 3 (1897)Withnell, Lancs.
Ann Kennedy 4m.(1900)Withnell, Lancs.

1911 Census:
Census Place: Chorley, Lancashire, England


Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
John Kennedy 45 (1866)
Betsy Kennedy 43 (1868)
Elizabeth Kennedy 20 (1891)
Mary Kennedy 19 (1892)
Thomas Kennedy 15 (1896)
Lily Kennedy 14 (1897)
Ann Kennedy 10.(1901)
Marget Kennedy 8.(1903)
Ellen Kennedy 5.(1906)
John Kennedy 2.(1909)



Michael Kennedy (1868) is now married to Sarah, and has a family.
There is a marriage record for 1895 of a Michael Kennedy marrying a Sarah Ann Carey

1901 Census:



Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
Michael Kennedy 33 (1868)Withnell, Lancs. Warehouseman Calico Print Works
Sarah Kennedy 32 (1869)Avington, Hants.
James Kennedy 5 (1896)Withnell, Lancs.
Bertram Kennedy 6m (1900)Withnell, Lancs.

1911 Census:
Census Place: Chorley, Lancashire, England


Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
Michael Kennedy 43 (1868)
Sarah Kennedy 42 (1869)
James Kennedy 15 (1896)
Bertram Kennedy 10 (1901)



Margaret Kennedy is probably married by now and listed under her married name.
There is a marriage record for 1890 of a Margaret Kennedy marrying a Samuel Hindley



Joseph Kennedy is now married to Clara and has a family.
There is a marriage record for 1899 of a Joseph Kennedy marrying a Clara Cookson

1901 Census:



Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
Joseph Kennedy 29 (1872)Withnell, Lancs. Foreman Calico Print Works
Clara Kennedy 25 (1876)Newton, Lancs.
Ellen Kennedy 1 (1900)Withnell, Lancs.

1911 Census:
Census Place: Chorley, Lancashire, England


Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
Joseph Kennedy 39 (1872)
Clara Kennedy 35 (1876)
Ellen Kennedy 11 (1900)
Leo Kennedy 9 (1902)
Timothy Kennedy 9 (1902)
Clara Kennedy 7 (1904)
Albert Kennedy 4 (1907)
Timothy Kennedy is an anomaly here, but there is a birth of a Timothy Kennedy registered in 1910 Brindle/Withnell with mothers maiden name Cookson. So the age in the index could be 9 months, not years!




Jane Kennedy (1864) is not mentioned in the census.

She is probably married by now and listed under her married name.
There is a marriage record for 1898 of a Jane Kennedy marrying an Anthony Butterfield and the 1901 Census lists a Butterworth family, where the data all fits.

1901 Census:



Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
Anthony Butterworth 43 (1858)Withnell, Lancs. Boot and Clog Maker
Jane Butterworth 37 (1864)Withnell, Lancs.



And these are probably the two youngest daughters, Mary (24), Ellen and Alice Kennedy,
but who are Hannah and Mary ?

1901 Census:



Name RelationAge(Born)BirthplaceOccupation
Mary Kennedy 24 (1877)Withnell, Lancs. Cotton Weaver
Hannah Kennedy 21 (1880)Withnell, Lancs. Cotton Weaver
Ellen Kennedy 20 (1881)Withnell, Lancs. Cotton Weaver
Alice Kennedy 18 (1883)Withnell, Lancs. Cotton Weaver
Mary Kennedy 10 (1891)Chorley, Lancs. Cotton Weaver